Small gun safes, handgun safes, and pistol lock boxes for home have become very popular recently. It makes sense, because keeping a self-defense weapon in a separate small gun safe frees up your options for the type and location of a full sized gun safe.
But finding the best handgun safe is even harder than picking a large one. This article will steer you towards options that are secure and a good value for your money.
Handgun Safe LocksThe locks are the worst part of most small gun safes. Generally pistol safes have cheap unrated locks which can be compromised easily (videos below).
Problems with Non-UL Rated Electronic Locks
For starters, many cheap electronic handgun safes use electromagnetic solenoids to lock the door. I hesitate to call these locks, so I’ll call them latches.
A spring loaded plunger protrudes to the door latch. Entering the combination energizes a coil, retracting the plunger.
When no electricity is applied to the solenoid, all that is holding the plunger which locks the door is a small spring. Simply bumping these gun safes can overcome the spring holding the plunger, opening the door.
You can compare this type of latch to the latch on a screen door.
UL 768 rated electronic locks generally use a motor with a reduction gearbox to actuate the deadbolt, or a stronger solenoid and spring. Properly rated locks cannot be bumped in this way.
Small electronic gun safes have too many holes which can be used to access the locking mechanism. Most also have a reset button inside which can be reached through a hole or by prying open the door a little bit. After pushing the reset button, typing in a new code will open the gun safe. This video shows both types of attack, as well as using a strip of metal to open the key lock without any damage.
Choose your tool; this small electronic gun safe can be opened with a drinking straw, a screwdriver, a strip of metal, a pair of pliers, or two pieces of wire. All methods leave no indication it was opened. A commenter on YouTube pointed out that the white tape on the bottom covers a hole which can be pulled off to open the safe with no tools, just a finger.
Yet another small safe opened by poking around a coat hanger and a metal strip, leaving no indication it was opened.
Most of these videos were found in this article How to Break into Almost Any Gun Safe with Straws, Paper Clips, Coat Hangers, and Even Children!
If you’re looking at specific handgun safe models, Dave at Handgun Safe Research has been making lock picking test videos for a variety of handgun safes. You can find ways he defeats more models there.
There are dozens more of these lock picking and safe cracking tutorials online. If you don’t think your kids could figure this out on their own, there’s a good chance they may run across one of these videos.
Small Gun Safes Locks and Gun Safety
Do actual children ever actually break into small gun safes? While not frequently, tragically yes.
In one high profile case, an officer’s toddler and/or his babysitter somehow got into his police department issued handgun safe. The results were tragic.
I used to link that local news video here, but it has now been taken down. I considered describing another instance, but thought better of it. Rather than bring any more attention on a family who has already suffered a terrible loss, I’ll continue, in the interest of preventing a future tragedy.
Good Handgun Safe Locks
Electronic combination handgun safe locks/latches are discussed above. Many companies also offer biometric fingerprint locks for handgun safes. In general, these locks have all of the same issues of the electronic combination handgun safes above — and then they add even more. If you’re interested in these types of locks, you can read my article on biometric gun safes.
The majority of electronic handgun safes use inexpensive, lower-reliability electronics technology like you find on “disposable” consumer gadgets. If you’re interested, the biometric safe article above also has a detailed summary of reliability differences between commercial and military electronics.
Guns should only be secured with UL 768 Listed combination locks, robust key locks, or Simplex style mechanical combination locks. For more detail see recommended types of locks.
Simplex style mechanical push-button locks are great for office and vehicle handgun safes. Unfortunately Simplex locks generally only have one or two thousand possible combinations. Because of this, they’re not the best choices if you have unsupervised teenage children who might methodically try to enter every possible combination after school. If children do not have unsupervised access to your small gun safe, or if the handgun safe is empty all day because you’re carrying your pistol, this may not be an issue for you.
Small Gun Safe Security
Now that you’ve seen how easy it is to break into many of the pistol safe locks, let’s try to find a decent one.
Unfortunately most small gun safes are very flimsy. If someone wants to apply brute force, the majority can be pried open with a kick. The rest will pop open with a screwdriver. Common construction materials are thin stamped sheet metal and plastic. many are weaker than the old fashioned cash boxes used to sell hot dogs at high school football games.
Handgun Safe Fire ProtectionSome small gun safes claim that they have some fire protection. For the majority of products marketed towards firearms, this is nonsense.
There are small true fire safes. However small fire safes have several limitations for use as fireproof handgun safes.
Depending on interior size, it takes several inches of fireproofing to achieve a true UL fire safe rating. Square interiors are more efficient to fireproof than long thin ones, so most small fire safe models will be square-ish. As a result, even small true fire safes are bulky.
The most common real fire safe fireproofing material is a concrete mixture. So, small true fire safes will usually also be heavy. For more information, fire ratings are discussed in detail in Myths About Fire Ratings.
If you do find a small fire safe which works, you’ll be in the same situation a reader was. The lower price point fire safes will have questionable unrated locks. Small inexpensive fire safes are intended to secure occasionally accessed paper valuables like birth certificates. How often do you use your birth certificate?
These locks are not intended for life and death situations, like a self-defense pistol. They’re also not intended to be opened several times a day for your carry pistol.
Even with unrated locks, small fire safes still often cost as much as the self-defense pistol you’re trying to protect. This is due to the fire proofing and testing required to achieve a real fire rating.
In a fire, the pistol will be covered by most homeowners insurance minimum firearm deductibles, or your free $2,500 NRA member insurance anyway. The NRA member insurance must be activated (use the link).
For legal reasons, self-defense experts and lawyers advise that you use an unmodified, common self-defense gun with factory ammunition for protection. You can read about why in this article. These guns are by definition cheaper and easier to replace than the expensive custom race gun you built for shooting steel. Your trophy guns can be better protected in your full sized gun safe.
If you’re looking for a pistol safe for a defense weapon, choose one which doesn’t pretend to offer fire protection. Then put an unmodified gun inside that you could replace if you had a fire.
An important consideration about fires and handgun safes is ammunition cooking off. Normally, the main concern with ammo cooking off is the damage it will do to other objects in the gun safe (e.g. guns), as discussed in Myth: Ammunition is protected in my fireproof gun safe. Rounds which cook off in a box or in a magazine will not pierce most storage containers.
Handgun safes, however, are more often used to store loaded weapons. If a round “in the pipe” cooks off, it could pierce many of the flimsy electronic handgun safes. This is a special concern for magnum revolver owners. Fortunately most self-defense ammunition is designed to fully expand upon contacting a much softer target than steel, limiting penetration. Regardless, if you want to store a loaded gun(s) in a handgun safe, try to chose one which could stop the round you intend to leave chambered.
Installing a Handgun Safe
Best Handgun Safe for Home
Here are three options for quick-access handgun safes depending on your budget.
1) Best Pistol Safe for clever children and a limited budget
If you have clever children and a limited budget, get a robust pistol lock box with a good key lock, or go with a creative solution.
Some of the creative solutions include getting a large toolbox, locker, or building a closet gun safe, hidden gun safe, or locked hiding spot as described in the previous article. All of these options will keep your guns and your children safer than any of the flimsy electronic handgun safes shown above. And many of them will save you money.
2) Best Quick-Access Gun Safe for the Money
Check out these Simplex handgun safes if your situation doesn’t include unsupervised children who might methodically attempt every possible combination.
A robust American-made pistol safe with a Simplex type lock is a great choice for a home defense weapon for many gun owners. They’re also perfect for vehicles and businesses.
Old-school Simplex pistol safes are generally better constructed than the wave of crappy Chinese electronic handgun safes. In addition, they’re much more reliable.
Simplex locks, first patented in 1960, are mechanical pushbutton devices with user-changeable combinations. You never have to worry about replacing batteries or flaky electronics with these models.
Simply put, they are the revolvers of small gun safe combination locks–an easy to open lock that “always go bang”.
Fort Knox Personal Pistol Boxes
Fort Knox manufactures an impressive set of handgun safes, which are made in the USA. All of their small gun safes have 3/16″ (0.1875″) steel doors and 10 gauge (0.1345″) steel bodies. This is thicker steel than you’ll find in the majority of full-sized gun safes. The safes come with four pre-drilled mounting holes, interior carpet or padding, and a Lifetime Warranty.
A reliable Simplex-style lock is employed. Most models use Kaba Mas brand locks with round buttons. The lock on one of my FTK-PN’s is made by the Illinois Lock Company and has square/diamond buttons.
To change the lock combination, the correct combination must first be entered. So, even if someone could access the combination reset button, they could not use it to open the lock. This is a contrast to the electronic models shown above. For additional security, the combination reset button is protected by a steel tab anyway.
The lock actuates a deadbolt mechanism instead of a spring-loaded plunger. This prevents the type of bump attacks shown in the videos above.
The Fort Knox Original Pistol Box FTK-PB Handgun Safe is a top-opening model measuring 12.5 x 10.2 x 4.5 inches. It’s the largest of the handgun models listed here. Due to the thick steel it weighs in at 22 lbs. For one-handed operation in a self-defense situation, the heavy 3/16″ thick steel door has a gas strut installed. The interior of the pistol box is padded.
For those who wanted a side-opening version, Fort Knox created the Personal Pistol Box FTK-PN Handgun Safe, which I personally own. It is narrower and taller than the Original Pistol Box at 12.5 x 9.5 x 5 inches. The side opening-door allows it to easily be bolted up high, out of the reach of young children. It uses the same thickness steel as the Original, but weighs in a little lighter at just under 20 lbs. Like the others, it’s also American-made.
The door on this model has spring-assisted hinges which swing the door open on its own when mounted horizontally. If you want to mount this model vertically, you’ll notice that the springs do not have the strength to flip the door up to open from the closed position. This isn’t a problem though because it only takes a light tug on the knob to flip the door open when mounted vertically. Either way you get one-handed access with the door held open, out of your way.
On a recent family vacation I actually brought a FTK-PN for the rental house. A 22 lbs handgun safe loaded with pistols, holsters, flashlight, and ammo doesn’t make for the lightest luggage. A smaller, lighter model would have been better for this application, which brings us to the FTK-AUTO.
The side-opening door of the FTK-PN would be convenient for a car or truck, but that model is a bit large for many locations in a vehicle. So, Fort Knox designed the Fort Knox Auto Pistol Box FTK-AUTO Handgun Safe.
The 9.5 x 6.5 x 5 inch size makes it easier to mount and conceal in a vehicle. It still has the same steel thicknesses as its bigger brothers, weighing in around 12 lbs.
It’s smaller size and weight make it more portable. More portable can mean easier to steal if you don’t bolt it down, but a portable handgun safe has advantages as I mention above.
Prefer a shotgun for home defense? Fort Knox still has you covered with their Shotgun Safe–one of the few fully-enclosed quick-access Simplex shotgun safes. Even though it’s much larger than the pistol boxes, Fort Knox didn’t skimp on the steel. It has the same 3/16″ thick steel in the door and 10 gauge steel in the body. The safe is 9 x 5 x 45 inches and tips the scales at 36 lbs.
V-Line Handgun Safes
If you’re looking to lock up a pistol in your office, two V-Line models are designed to be mounted to the underside of your desk. The Desk Mate is designed for one pistol.
The Hide Away is bigger and could fit a couple pistols.
Shotlock Shotgun Lock
If you want to secure a shotgun for home defense, you don’t have to enclose the entire gun. Another option is to secure the trigger assembly and receiver with the ShotLock Shotgun Solo-Vault. It’s also a California DOJ Approved Firearms Safety Device.
Titan Gun Vault
Titan created a Simplex handgun safe with a holster inside. When you open the cover, the holster reliably presents the gun’s grip to you so that it’s easy to grab. The Titan Gun Vault is California DOJ Approved.
Titan’s handgun safe has an innovative provision for storing ammunition separately if your state laws required it. They also sell a piggyback ammo box compartment to lock your magazine or speed loader. Opening the door unlocks both the gun and the ammo at the same time, presenting them for quick loading.
See the video below for a demonstration.
3) Best Small Gun Safe for Home
The best small gun safe for home is a wall safe or jewelry/home safe with a UL 768 Group I or II electronic keypad lock.
These safes start in the hundreds of dollars, as the locks alone are $80 or more. You can also find used jewelry safes cheaper. Home defense pistols are small, so you have a lot of flexibility as to what size used safe you can pick up.
An electronic keypad makes access fast for your home defense weapon. But these UL 768 locks have the security of more possible combinations than a Simplex-style lock. You can also use it to keep your medications away from your kids, but conveniently in your bedroom.
A wall safe is easy to hide behind a picture or mirror. A home safe can be bolted to the floor, or built into a wall or piece of furniture. Because small safes are so portable, it’s even more important that you anchor them. For example, this burglar stole a jewelry safe from an apartment using the victim’s desk chair.
Sturdy Safe just entered the small gun safe arena with their “The Cube” Pistol Safe model 2020. These units have exterior dimensions of 24″ x 19″ x 20″. In typical Sturdy fashion, they’re available with or without Sturdy’s style of fireproofing. Interior dimensions change depending on fireproofing and steel thickness.
Sturdy Cube 2020 pistol safes are available with different steel thicknesses, starting at 3/16″ body and 5/16″ door. The thickest steel currently offered is 4 gauge body (.2242″) and 3/8″ door.
These models come standard with UL 768 Group II S&G mechanical dial locks . Other lock options are available as well, including dual locks and electronic keypads. Prices start at $790 without fireproofing or $990 with fireproofing.
Sturdy takes a unique approach to gun safes and fire protection. Their products emphasize security much more than cosmetic appearance, giving you a lot of bang for the buck. The Cube 2020 is constructed similarly to their full-size gun safes. For more information on Sturdy and their construction, see the detailed full-size Sturdy vs. AMSEC BF gun safe review.
If you’re interested in security for valuables, a burglary rating of B-Rate or better is preferred. Compared to a gun safe, a true safe is a much better place to store other precious items like the missus’s jewelry. It could also get you a discount on your homeowners insurance.
The AMSEC WS1214 wall safe has B-Rate construction and is also available with a proper UL 768 electronic lock.
If you’re looking for a bigger general purpose safe with both burglary and fire protection, the little brother of one of the Best Gun Safes is a great choice. The BF true safes (BF1512, BF1716, BF2116, BF3416) have both B-Rate construction and a UL 72 Class 350 1 Hour Fire Endurance Rating.
If you want to protect your expensive DSLR digital camera and family photos from fire, get one with an appropriate Class of UL 72 rating.
What do you think? Leave a comment below, your thoughts are welcome.